Is Human Trafficking in Japan Coming to an End? Some local law enforcement authorities reportedly assisted abusive TITP employers in blocking NGOs from rescuing and assisting victims of forced labor. “The Government of Iran does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so,” according to the report. Human Trafficking is a crime that involves exploiting a person for labor, services, or commercial sex. Two of the 27 convicted traffickers were sentenced with fines alone. The MOJ issued regulations requiring employers to compensate these workers at a rate equal to or greater than Japan’s minimum wage. These efforts included increasing labor inspections of the Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) and convicting and incarcerating more traffickers than in the previous reporting period. As reported over the last five years, human traffickers subject Japanese and foreign men and women to forced labor and sex trafficking, and they subject Japanese children to sex trafficking. Pressure from the international community prompts a look at Japan’s prevention and eradication measures. Although Japan met the minimum standards, authorities again failed to identify a single trafficking case in TITP, despite multiple reports of forced labor among migrant workers in Japan under its auspices. The government conducted joint MHLW and NPA legislative information sessions targeting hundreds of companies involved in the adult film industry in an effort to prevent forced participation in pornography. Meanwhile, the human rights division of the Ministry of Justice revamped support structures for victims by providing temporary protection and expanding emergency evacuation services to men. Human Trafficking Is an Epidemic in the U.S. They reported referring 19 of these cases to the Public Prosecutor’s Office for further criminal investigation of “severe abuses” (40 cases in 2017 and 40 for lesser violations in 2016). 20/01/2019. Your source for credible news and authoritative insights from Hong Kong, China and the world. The government reported granting one long-term and eight short-term visas under these circumstances (compared with two and 16, respectively, in 2017); some victims identified in 2018 already had residence permits at the time of identification. Further reading. Of these 25, the government identified one underage male victim of forced labor (one male in 2017); three women forced to work as “hostesses,” some of whom may have also been subjected to sex trafficking; and at least 20 female sex trafficking victims (31 in 2017; 37 in 2016), including four children. Contrary to definitional standards under the 2000 UN TIP Protocol, authorities did not consider children to be victims of sex trafficking unless the sex acts were mediated by a third party, preventing hundreds of children from formal designation. Sex Trafficking of underage girls is happening right in our own backyards, small towns and big cities across America. Tier Placement. As of 2018. This hotline was only available in the Japanese language, and authorities did not report whether the calls culminated in positive victim identification or further investigation. Florida had the third-highest rate of human trafficking cases reported across the country in 2019. The NPA also created and disseminated new leaflets with QR codes leading to a website offering emergency contact information in nine languages and encouraging victims to report abuses; authorities also featured this content in interagency awareness raising materials. Japanese authorities published the names of “discredited” TITP sending organizations on a website, but did not report steps to ensure incoming TITP participants avoided those organizations. Some authorities were reportedly unaware of the crime or unsure how to prosecute it, often citing prohibitively high evidentiary standards. Authorities continued to arrest and deport TITP participants—particularly those from Vietnam—who escaped forced labor and other abusive conditions in their contracted agencies. Seven major prefectures passed ordinances banning “JK” businesses, prohibiting girls younger than 18 from working in “compensated dating services,” or requiring “JK” business owners to register their employee rosters with local public safety commissions. All victims were females and included five Japanese children. For the second consecutive year, the government did not report the extent to which it funded anti-trafficking activities in … It may be hard to believe for such a modern developed country, but human Just $5 a month. The TITP reform law mandated the MHLW approve work plans outlining living conditions, working hours, and other factors developed jointly by incoming TITP participants and their employers; as of December 2018, authorities reported having approved 383,240 of these plans since enactment of the law. National Police Agency (NPA) officials also reported consulting an IOM-developed handbook to identify and refer victims to available protective services. Japanese nationals accounted for the majority of victims, followed by Filipinos and Thai nationals. Abe has proposed concrete measures to deepen the labor pool of low-skilled foreign workers in a drastic shift in policy. With the implementation of the new law, enforcement shifted from the Immigration Services Agency to the Labor Standards Inspection Office within MHLW during the reporting period. Interagency stakeholders relied upon disparate screening and referral procedures, leading to issues with proper identification and protection of victims. Civil society organizations and members of the European Parliament alike are objecting to the deal amid China's continuing crackdowns in Xinjiang and Hong Kong. The majority of identified trafficking victims are foreign women who migrate to Japan with hopes of working … Elzbieta M. Gozdiak, Data and Research on Human Trafficking: Bibliography of Research-Based Literature, Georgetown University, 2008 Delila Amir, Trafficking and the Global Sex Industry, Lexington Books, 2006 Asia Watch Committee (U.S.), A Modern Form of Slavery: Trafficking of Burmese Women and Girls Into Brothels in Thailand, Women's Rights Project (Human … Japanese men remain a source of demand for child sex tourism in Thailand and other countries in Asia. As Japan prepares to welcome more foreigners ahead of the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, the government pledged to create “the safest country in the world.” But when large scale sports events are held, requiring the mass manufacturing of uniforms, foodstuffs and sports venues within a tight deadline, naturally it prompts questions over human rights concerns. Police also ran a general hotline through a private entity that received more than 14,500 calls, 295 of which the NPA identified as possible trafficking cases (433 of 19,078 in 2017). 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Authorities continued to prosecute traffickers under laws carrying lesser sentences, which courts often suspended in lieu of incarceration, and they continued to suspend the majority of convicted traffickers’ prison sentences. The government reportedly also prosecuted trafficking-related offenses using the Child Welfare Act, which broadly criminalized transporting or harboring children for the purpose of causing them to commit an obscene or harmful act and prescribed penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment, or a fine of up to 3 million yen ($27,310), or both. WCO shelters provided food and other basic needs, psychological care, and coverage of medical expenses to victims, who were free to leave the facilities if accompanied by WCO personnel. for Us. The Global Slavery Index 2018 estimates that on any given day in 2016 there were 37,000 people living in conditions of modern slavery in Japan, a prevalence of 0.3 victims of modern slavery for every thousand people in the country. The immigration bureau operated a similar hotline but did not identify any victims through its use (two in 2017). The availability and quality of victim services varied according to prefecture-level officials’ relative experience with trafficking cases. Traffickers reportedly transport victims from elsewhere in the region through Japan before exploiting them in onward destinations, including East Asia and North America. • Aggressively investigate, prosecute, convict, and punish Japanese citizens who engage in child sex tourism overseas. A Global Report on Trafficking in Persons launched today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) provides new information on a crime that shames us all. The government maintained efforts to prevent trafficking but demonstrated a lack of political will to adequately do so among highly vulnerable migrant worker populations. Observers were concerned these service fees would create additional vulnerabilities to debt-based coercion among migrant workers entering under the auspices of the new regime, and that the authorities had not instituted sufficient preventative measures in favor of accelerating the process to assuage urgent labor shortages. In 2008, Kin successfully prosecuted what at the time was the largest international human sex trafficking … Traffickers subject male and female migrant workers, mainly from Asia, to conditions of forced labor, including in Japanese government-run programs. The government continued to fund a program through an international organization to provide counseling, temporary refuge, social reintegration, and repatriation services to trafficking victims. States with the Highest Human Trafficking Numbers The United States (US) Department of State’s Trafficking in Persons Report 2019, states that, in the case of Vietnam, traffickers typically subject victims to forced labour in construction, fishing, agriculture, mining, logging, and manufacturing, and that they are primarily trafficked to Angola, Japan, Lao, Malaysia, the Republic of Korea, Taiwan, and the United Arab … Japan is categorized at tier one. 2551 (2008), informally referred to as the Anti-Trafficking Act. To analyze emerging trafficking in human beings (THB) trends and dynamics and to develop a response based on empirical data to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, ODIHR and UN … The recent thaw in relations, however, does not mean Kathmandu is willing to budge on its boundary position. The government reported initiating 39 investigations into crimes related to trafficking in 2018 (unreported in 2017; 44 in 2016), and courts newly indicted 34 individuals (26 in 2017), leading to 27 convictions (23 in 2017). Within 48 hours of running away from home, it's likely that a child will be approached to participate in prostitution or some form of commercial sex exploitation.5 The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children estimates that one in six children will be victims of human trafficking.10 Traffick… Japan’s 2014 Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Persons vowed to crack down on illegal employment by implementing a human trafficking database and strict immigration controls such as passenger landing examinations at airports in partnership with airlines and setting up counterfeit document control rooms at Narita, Haneda, Kansai, and Chubu international airports. Four people have been charged with human trafficking for the purposes of sexual exploitation after a police raid in Birmingham. The act also criminalized the purchase or sale of children for the purpose of exploiting them through prostitution or the production of child pornography, and prescribed a maximum penalty of 10 years’ imprisonment. On the occasion of the 2019 International Day Against Trafficking in Persons, AIRCOP would like to take the opportunity to communicate on its contribution to #EndHumanTrafficking by detecting passengers travelling through air borders which could be victims of human trafficking. On June 20, the State Department released its annual “Trafficking in Persons Report,” which again designated Iran as a Tier 3 country, the lowest ranking possible. The future of U.S.-ROK relations depends on the United States understanding the priorities of South Korea’s now-dominant liberals. Panasonic UK is part of the global Panasonic Group, which is head-quartered in Japan and one of the largest electronic manufacturers globally. 1-4 Defined as the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person through the use of fraud, force, or coercion for compelled labor or commercial sex acts, victims of human trafficking can be any … In 2017, Japan passed a law containing a provision that criminalized bribery of witnesses, which would allow authorities additional grounds to pursue obstruction of justice charges against some traffickers. Singapore’s hawker culture has been recognized by UNESCO, but there are questions about its sustainability. Human trafficking is a criminal act that results … As in prior years, the government did not fund trafficking-specific shelters, but it continued to fund shelters run by Women’s Consulting Offices (WCOs) and those for victims of domestic violence. At a house in … Japan 2019 "Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in Global ... G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting "Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in Global Supply Chains" Presentation of the key findings and recommendations of a report prepared jointly by the ILO, the OECD, the International Organisation for Migration, and UNICEF, under the … The “Act on Regulation and Punishment of Activities Relating to Child Prostitution and Pornography and the Protection of Children” criminalized engaging in, acting as an intermediary for, and soliciting the commercial sexual exploitation of a child and prescribed penalties of up to five years’ imprisonment, a fine, or both. Traffickers keep victims in forced labor or forced prostitution using debt-based coercion, threats of violence or deportation, blackmail, passport retention, and other psychologically coercive methods. Panasonic UK was established in 1972 as the exclusive distributor for Panasonic products in the UK. The Government of Japan fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. According to the United States' State Department, Japan is a major destination, source, and transit country for men and women subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking. (August 2019) China is a main source and also a significant transit and destination country for men, women, and children who are subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced labour and forced prostitution. This was especially true for Vietnamese participants, who constituted the highest proportion of TITP trainees. Human trafficking research shows problem ... the largest group of human trafficking victims—Filipino migrant hostesses in Japan. • Increase enforcement of bans on “punishment” agreements, passport withholding, and other practices by organizations and employers that contribute to forced labor. Cases of forced labor occur within the TITP, a government-run program originally designed to foster basic technical skills among foreign workers that has effectively become a guest-worker program. Thisanka Siripala is an Australian-Sri Lankan cross platform journalist living in Tokyo. Sasaki says while migrants from Asia entering Japan have a higher risk of exploitation, the migration system “as a whole” cannot be called modern-day slavery. Police continued to treat some potential child sex trafficking victims as delinquents—particularly LGBTI children—and counseled them on their behavior instead of screening them for victim status, investigating their cases, or referring them to specialized services. However, immigration authorities in one city reported interviewing at least 8,000 TITP participants leaving Japan prior to the end of their contracts to screen for unjust employer-initiated deportations; they detected nine attempted forcible deportations among this group, successfully intervened in five of the cases, and reinstated TITP employment for two of the workers. Japan ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol on July 11, 2017. It is essential to raise awareness on the trafficking. 2019 Trafficking in Persons Report. However, the law also enabled for-profit employment agencies and individuals to become “registered support organizations”—with no licensing requirements—to liaise between labor recruitment brokerages and employers for a fee. Private Japanese immigration brokers help Japanese-Filipino children and their Filipina mothers move to Japan and acquire citizenship for a significant fee, which the mothers often incur large debts to pay; upon arrival, some of these women and their children are subjected to sex trafficking to pay off the debts. 1Situations of human trafficking may involve more than one victim or survivor. Human trafficking may seem like a distant problem, but we are unwittingly involved any time we buy something made by exploited labor, writes … Japan, a nation that boasts the world’s third-highest GDP, is not often associated with modern slavery. Human trafficking is now a multi-billion-dollar industry worldwide. U.N. Report: Human Trafficking Reaches 'Horrific' New Heights : … The government maintained insufficient efforts to protect victims, including by again failing to formally identify victims of trafficking within the TITP and among hundreds of children in commercial sexual exploitation. Japan’s 2014 Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Persons vowed to crack down on illegal employment by implementing a human trafficking database and … NGOs claimed courts set prohibitively high evidentiary standards for forced labor cases involving foreign victims, thereby stymying appropriate law enforcement action. In an effort to streamline prosecutorial efforts, the central government instructed prosecutors’ offices nationwide to designate trafficking-specific personnel to serve as law enforcement liaisons. The emergence of a much more contagious variant of COVID-19 comes as Australia rolls out vaccines. Authorities continued to demonstrate serious and sustained efforts during the reporting period; therefore Japan remained on Tier 1.
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