Alongside the Boer Goat, the Kiko is growing in popularity throughout the United States for its desirable meat goat characteristics. The Katahdin is a heavy muscled, medium sized, easy-care meat type sheep. And nubian boer is a result of cross between this two productive breeds. Here are some of the reasons we believe Kiko's and Kiko crosses make the best meat goats. These are the breeds that our 4-H students should be familiar with. This chart also shows the Kiko Advantage of about 8 pounds more weight per kid at harvest. Additionally, Kiko’s came to the United States in the late ’80s and Boer’s made it here in the early ’70s. The Kiko goat was developed in New Zealand and introduced to the US during the same time period as the Boer. Next Kidding: Feb 2021 . Sci. That is the breed name, though many people, wrongly I may add, call them Fainting goats, Stiff-leg goats, Fainters, etc. Kid birth weights were similar (P = 0.43) between 46 Boer and 42 Kiko F1 kids (3.21 ± 0.09 vs. 3.29 ± 0.08 kg). Goonewardene, L.A., Day, P.A., Patrick, N., Scheer, H.D., Patrick, D. & Suleiman, A., 1998. Meat goat dam breeds likely differ for general production efficiency in a given production environment as documented in sheep (Bourfia & Touchberry, 1993; Bunge et al., 1995; Dimsoski et al., 1999). Cross breeding of Boer goat with other popular goat breeds produces high quality, healthy and productive kids. Bucks at birth were heavier (P < 0.01) than does (3.40 ± 0.08 vs. 3.10 ± 0.09 kg). Individual doe health records were maintained, from which cases of lameness and subsequent hoof treatments were obtained. Nubian boer goat is the result of a cross between two world famous goat breeds, Nubian and Boer. Boer goats are the most popular, but the Kiko and the Kalahari Red are both close behind due to their similar stature and ability to grow rapidly. 76 (Suppl. Bourfia, M. & Touchberry, R.W., 1993. Many meat goat breeders will keep a herd of Kiko does and breed them to Boer bucks. with Myotonic (pure meat goat), to get a meaty goat, with better parasite resistance. The main breeds of goats that we see in the U.S. include the Boar, Kiko, Spanish Meat goat, Pygmy, Tennessee Fainting Goat, Angora, LaMancha, Saanan, French Alpine, Oberhasli, Nubian, Toggenburg, Nigerian Dwarf and the Sable.. Note the dramatic results of crossing the Kikos with either the Boer or Spanish Goats. The spring-born kids were not creep-fed and bucks were not castrated before weaning. Nevertheless, results highlight the need to evaluate new breeds under unique environmental conditions for doe fitness, reproductive and maternal traits that are important to commercial meat goat production. Kid attrition was analysed by chi-square. There are five major breeds of meat goats in the United States: Boer, Kiko, Spanish, Myotonic and Savannah. Utility and Production Popular Scientific Papers. We Have found 50% Kiko 50% Boer are a big chunky animals by the time they are 1 Year old. Kiko . Sci. In the process, the Boer influence has become pronounced in U.S. commercial herds as Boer-cross does are retained as replacements. The kiko in them will give them smaller kids at delivery, but a faster growth rate and thus a better marketing schedule. Dams and kids were weighed at birth and at weaning (14 wk). We have no shelters for our goats and they get along just fine. The origin of Kalahari Red goats is traced back to two lines, namely a line of red … Read more information about this goat breed below. J. Anim. Keywords: Meat goats, breeds, reproduction, pre-weaning growth, fitness, doe productivity 78, 229-232. A full coat of straight, medium-long hair, … The Kiko goat is utilized mainly as a meat goat and is often crossed with dairy or other meat breeds to produce hardy fast-growing goats. Large-framed, white, hardy, and able to thrive under poor conditions, the Kiko was developed in New Zealand and brought to the United States in the 1990s. Exportation of Boer goats to the U.S. in the mid-1990s helped to stimulate interest in meat goat production. The Kiko goats were exported to the United States in the 1990s. ©South African Society for Animal Science Effects of breed and castration on slaughter weight and carcass composition of goats. The Kiko goats are relatively large in size. Origin, adaptability, performance testing, reproduction and milk production. This is  due largely to the higher attrition rate of the Boers. Factors affecting birth weight and weaning weight in kids of Spanish and Boer-Spanish does. They are built like Boer, but carry the Kiko coloring and Kiko genetic. Available via license: CC BY 2.0. Sometimes, they will be trying to nurse before they have stood up for the first time. 2, pp. Litter size and litter weight were similar at birth for Boer (1.92 ± 0.12 kids, 6.05 ± 0.31 kg) and Kiko dams (1.82 ± 0.12 kids, 5.90 ± 0.33 kg). In: Proc. Each breed is thought to have certain strengths and weaknesses and to have them in varying proportions within each breed. J. Anim. At kidding, 25 Boer and 23 Kiko does produced at least one live kid. 4th Int. Each breed is thought to have certain strengths and weaknesses and to have them in varying proportions within each breed. A preliminary evaluation of growth and carcass traits in Alpine and Boer goat crosses. Boer Goats For Sale Consignment Sales Boer Bucks Boer Does Contact & Sales About Welcome to Peaceful Pastures Farm where we specialize in spotted, dappled, paint, and black Boer goats for sale. ALL 22 SURVIVED. Spanish goats were the predominant type until the Boer was imported. The attached charts show what we have experienced personally with our Kiko's. on Goats. While no goat is completely free of worms, the Kikos have more resistance to the worms and an ability to carry a larger worm load and remain healthy. 18-22. http://www.sasas.co.za/scientific/campbell.pdf *Corresponding author. The arrival of the South African Boer goat in the early 1990's along with the collapse of the goat fiber market led to a period of growth as producers began to cross their fiber and other goats with the Boers, which resulted in a heavier muscled goat that yielded more meat. South African Journal of Animal Science 2004, 34 (Supplement 1) Some would call their appearance “fat”. Alongside the Boer Goat, the Kiko is growing in popularity throughout the United States for its desirable meat goat characteristics. Her goats are … Small Rumin. Exportations of Boer and Kiko goats have created an opportunity for goat producers internationally to introduce the germplasm of new meat breeds into their breeding programs. Birth weights were similar between 46 Boer and 42 Kiko F1 kids. We compare Kiko Goats with Boer Goats. Selecting your Meat Goat Breed. The meat goat is an emerging class of livestock offering U.S. farmers a new option for on-farm income. Each breed was developed with the same goal in mind: fertile, low maintenance goats able to survive in harsh conditions. These charts show the results of a 5 year study by Richard Browning PHD, conducted at Tennessee State University of the Kiko, Boer, and Spanish breeds on the campus  of Tennessee State University. Ward, B.J., Waldron, D.F., Willingham, T.D., Hallum, C.R. J. Anim. Body weights at weaning were similar for dam breeds. Does were nulliparous or primiparous purebreds under two years old with age and parity balanced across breeds. The Kiko exhibited greater performance levels and efficiencies compared with the Boer for doe-kid performance. If you see a goat with MEAT on it, particularly in the rear end, I promise you that it has the Myotonic breed in it. Gender. Kiko goats are usually white and fairly hardy. Goats for Sale For Sale Foundation Breeding Stock Sold All. 4, pp. Can. The Kiko goat is widely appreciated for its ability to grow fast and produce a large carcass. Learn how to start a Boer goat farm in 2018 in this comprehensive guide… Our ratio of live births to weaning is almost 100%. On the chart below, the browns indicate Boers and crosses with Kiko and Spanish, the blue, Kikos and crosses with Boers, and Spanish and the black, Spanish and crosses with Boers and Kikos. There are five breeds of meat goats in the U. S.: Spanish, Boer, Kiko, Myotonic, and Sa-vannah. Studies involving Kiko-influenced does have not been published to date in the scientific literature. 71, 870-881. Doe body weights were highly and positively correlated to body condition scores in Boer goats (r = 0.71), and moderately correlated in Kiko goat (r = 0.49). Breed of dam genetics can influence the performance of any sire’s progeny. As for their physical appearance, Kiko goats are relatively large breeds and are primarily white, but … Did you know that demand for goat meat has increased by 330% from 2013, and is expected to steadily increase in the years to come? Filter. Reproduction and maternal ability are important economic traits to consider when evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of a new breed. 1, 291-302. The Kiko breed, originally from New Zealand, is often chosen for its good survival, growth rates, and maternal traits. They are built like Boer, but carry the Kiko coloring and Kiko genetic. These initial results suggest that Kiko does would be a viable breed option to enhance doe-kid performance in commercial meat goat production systems of the humid subtropics. Twenty-five Boer and 23 Kiko does gave birth to at least one live kid. There are five breeds of meat goats in the U. S.: Spanish, Boer, Kiko, Myotonic, and Sa-vannah. This project was designed to evaluate Boer and Kiko does for economically important production traits under the humid, subtropical conditions of the south-eastern United States. Batten, G.J., 1987. This project focused on reproductive and maternal abilities of Boer and Kiko does under the humid, subtropical climatic conditions of the southeastern United States. Litter size and litter weight were similar at birth for Boer (1.92 ± 0.12 kids, 6.05 ± 0.31 kg) and Kiko dams (1.82 ± 0.12 kids, 5.90 ± 0.33 kg). Animal weights, litter size, production efficiencies and hoof care for lameness were statistically tested by analysis of variance. E-mail: [email protected] The 12-month rainfall during the study (September, 2002 to August, 2003) was 1552 mm. The white Savanna goat breed was developed from indigenous goats of South Africa. The charts indicate that the litter weight per doe is highest for the Kiko and the retention rate for Kiko does is highest. We usually wean at 90 to 100 days and we don't normally lose any kids at weaning time. Kikos are raised across the U.S. One of the advantages of these white goats was the fact that the white color is dominant over most other colors. They are not very long, and they have very compact and thick bodies, kind of like a barrel. Kiko F1 kids had significantly lower attrition rates (9.5%) and Kiko does had significantly fewer episodes of lameness (1.60 ± 0.33 episodes/doe) compared with Boer (34.8%, 3.31 ± 0.31 episodes/doe). the carcass characteristics are superior to anything currently available here as far as meat goats are concerned. These data indicate that pre-weaning performance of the Spanish-sired kids was enhanced by Kiko dams. First, Kiko goats are native to New Zealand, while Boer goats come from South Africa. We Have found 50% Kiko 50% Boer are a big chunky animals by the time they are 1 Year old. These studies were also compiled by Tennessee State University. Essentially, this means that if you had 100 Boer does exposed to a buck, only about 60 would get a kid to market, but about 84 of the Kikos and Spanish does would get a kid to market. The Kiko goat was developed in New Zealand and introduced to the US during the same time period as the Boer. Sci. Registered, purebred and percentage Kiko goats raised for hardiness, meat and brush management. Twenty Boer and 21 Kiko dams reared at least one kid to weaning. We rarely have a problem and when we do it is often caused by us, not the goats. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station, TX, USA. The 5/8 Kiko and 3/8 Boer that you are wanting would be the Kiko GeneMaster when using the NKR, my favorite and prefer registry. 73, 1602-1608. Breed. Bred/Pregnant. We have noticed that many of those choosing a CPR 5257. Most goat meat is imported to supply demand and U.S. producers don’t produce enough to keep up with a growing ethnic population. The improved Boer goat from South Africa (Casey & Van Niekerk, 1988; Campbell, 2003) is a breed developed for meat production that evolved from selection pressures placed on common goats of the region by farmers. Show Quality. Kids orphaned before weaning were not included in the weaning kid dataset. When assessing new breeds for genetic merit in meat animal production systems, the maternal side is often overlooked. Poor environmental adaptation could negatively influence performance. This gives them the hardiness and easy kidding found in Kikos while producing kids that will have more muscling. Kid attrition included pre-weaning kid mortality, excluding stillborns, and kids orphaned due to dam mortality. greater (P = 0.01) for Kiko compared with Boer dams (78.1 vs. 63.9 ± 4%). J. Anim. Influence of management system on litter size, lamb growth, and carcass characteristics in sheep. Physical Characteristics of Kiko Goat. Res. Sci. Kid crop percent was determined by litter size at weaning divided by number of does exposed. Brasilia, Brazil. Birth weights were similar between 46 Boer and 42 Kiko F1 kids. Bucks had higher (P < 0.01) pre-weaning growth rate and weaning weights (145.2 ± 4.3 g/d, 17.29 ± 0.47 kg) than does (121.7 ± 6 g/d, 14.81 ± 0.66 kg). The Kiko from New Zealand (Batten, 1987) is another goat breed exported to the U.S. in the mid-1990s that was developed for meat production. Does kidded on pasture without intervention. & Nash, T.G., 1995. The last chart also indicates that the Kikos outperform the Boers in the humid southeastern states. More money for the goat rancher at no extra cost. The video below gives a great overview of the the Kiko Advantages. J. Anim. Waldron, D.F., Willingham, T.D. kidding rate per doe exposed and the kid weaning rate to be much higher Kiko will enhance your herd with out a doubt - and that is true! In simulation work of Blackburn (1995), the production environment determined if Spanish or Boer does were more productive and efficient as genetic × environment interactions existed. Anim. Litter size, litter weight, and litter weight to doe weight ratio were significantly greater for Kiko (1.85 ± 0.09 kids, 31.73 ± 1.52 kg, 78.1 ± 4%) compared with Boer dams (1.58 ± 0.09 kids, 26.48 ± 1.51 kg, 63.9 ± 4%) at weaning. The Kiko breed developed from the systematic breeding of selected New Zealand feral does with dairy bucks, further crossbreeding and interbreeding at the F2 and F3 generations, and breed establishment at the fourth generation (Batten, 1987). Stillborns were not included in birthing datasets. In doing our probiotics studies in goats, two of the three studies we conducted used Boer or Kiko sired Boer-crossbred kids. Male Kiko goats can weigh up to 165 pounds. Last Update: 12/29/20. She has bred a combination of dairy/meat goats (Boer, Spanish, Kiko etc.) The Kalahari Red. Performance comparisons appeared to favour the Kiko does under these research conditions. The ratio of litter weight weaned to doe weight at weaning was Boer dams at kidding were heavier (P = 0.06) than Kiko dams (48.49 ± 1.25 vs. 45.04 ± 1.32 kg). Thirty Boer and 27 Kiko does were exposed to Spanish bucks and evaluated for doe reproduction, preweaning kid growth, and production efficiency in the humid, subtropical south-eastern United States. The Kiko goat was first developed in the 1980s in New Zealand. Weaning litter size was smaller (P = 0.05) and litter weaning weight was lower (P = 0.02) for Boer (1.58 ± 0.09 kids, 26.48 ± 1.51 kg) than for Kiko dams (1.85 ± 0.09 kids, 31.73 ± 1.52 kg). Breeds of Goats. Vol. Fast-growing, an adult Kiko male can reach 300 pounds. Bunge, R., Thomas, D.L. Email for Price. Is Jerkface Jr. getting the job done? The Boer Goat I. The composite Kiko breed resulted from a series of crosses involving feral does and varying breeds of dairy bucks . Does were managed in pastures that provided tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) for limited grazing supplemented with orchardgrass hay (Dactylis glomerata; 110 g CP/kg, 50% TDN, estimated as-fed) for ad libitum consumption and 682 g/d of a commercial concentrate (160 g CP/kg, 69% TDN, as-fed) medicated with monensin. Sci. Performance of hair breeds and prolific wool breeds of sheep in southern Illinois: lamb production of F1 adult ewes. Differences between breedtypes for longevity and cumulative productivity are reported in ovine ewes [ 15 – 17 ]. Each litter type differed (P < 0.001) for kid birth weights (singles = 3.84 ± 0.14, twins = 3.23 ± 0.06, triplets = 2.67 ± 0.13 kg). Five Year Doe Retention Rate The chart below shows another significant difference between the Kikos and the Boers. Nubuan goat is a very popular dairy goat breed, and Boer goats are popular for their highly meat production. The Kiko genetic is virtually disease free, parasite free, low maintenance goats and that is ABSOLUTELY TRUE. Boer. Even though Boer growth is slower than some other breeds (Kiko?) Kiko will enhance your herd with out a doubt - and that is true! Major determinants of profitability in a meat goat enterprise are reproductive and maternal abilities of the doe herd. Boer goats were bred in South Africa for meat and selected for their superior body shape, high … Florida Goat Ranch ! The Kiko genetic is virtually disease free, parasite free, low maintenance goats and that is ABSOLUTELY TRUE. based on a rather small sample, thus is preliminary in character at this stage of the study. Registered purebred and New Zealand Kiko Does and doelings for sale The first chart shows both the Florida ! In the autumn, 30 Boer and 27 Kiko does were exposed to three Spanish bucks in single-sire breeding groups to begin evaluating meat goat breeds of doe for reproductive rates, pre-weaning kid growth, and production efficiency. The arrival of the South African Boer goat in the early 1990's along with the collapse of the goat fiber market led to a period of growth as producers began to cross their fiber and other goats with the Boers, which resulted in a heavier muscled goat that yielded more meat. All goats were managed on the Tennessee State University research station in Nashville, Tennessee, USA (36°17'N, 86°81'W). The common and popular crosses of Boer goats are Boer with Spanish goats, Angora goats,Kiko goats, Nubian goats, Osmanabadi goats, Jamunapari goats and with Sirohi goats. We put our Kiko nanny goats in with our Spanish goat herd. During the 12-month period, Boer does had more (P < 0.001) episodes of lameness requiring hoof care than Kiko does (3.31 ± 0.31 vs. 1.60 ± 0.33 episodes/doe). Ruvuna, F., Taylor, J.F., Okeyo, M., Wanyoike, M. & Ahuya, C., 1992. The mean litter sizes at birth were (2.08 ± 0.16 vs. 2.17 ± 0.03, p>0.05) for Boer and Kiko goats. Pygmy Goat. Selecting the right breed of meat goat isn’t very complicated in North America, mostly because the selection is quite small. Litter size, litter weight, and litter weight to doe weight ratio were significantly greater for Kiko (1.85 ± 0.09 kids, 31.73 ± 1.52 kg, 78.1 ± 4%) compared with Boer dams (1.58 ± 0.09 kids, 26.48 ± 1.51 kg, 63.9 ± 4%) at weaning. In that study, Kikos weaned more pounds of kid per doe as compared with Boer goats. The reported breed of dam effects on kid performance were largely based on absolute weights and not adjusted for dam weight to measure production efficiency. & Casey, J.E., 1998. Maternal breed has not received much attention in the area of meat goat production. Comparatively higher pre-weaning kid attrition rates and greater hoof care requirements of the Boer further suggest that the Boer may be less adapted to a humid environment. Preliminary assessment of Boer and Kiko does as maternal lines for kid performance under humid, subtropical conditions A comparison of Angora and Spanish does for producing crossbred goats for slaughter: effects on growth rate and feed efficiency. Casey, N.H. & Van Niekerk, W.A., 1988. There are five major breeds of meat goats in the United States: Boer, Kiko, Spanish, Myotonic and Savannah. The semi-arid origin of the Boer and humid origin of the Kiko are distinctions that may influence the merits of these breeds in a given environment. Kiko vs. Boer Goats Fed in a Feedlot: Some Observational Data. 70% of the world eats goat meat. 1330-1336. in the Kikos and the Spanish goats than the Boers. Meat/Feeder Dairy Fiber Grazing Packing/Trekking Broken to Drive Rodeo High School Rodeo Prospects Futurity Derby Eligible Polled. Unfortunately, it seems that none of the animals gained weight very fast. Southeastern United States. The boer provides the meat value and also relative parasite resistance. There is a breed association of this goat named ‘The American Kiko Goat Association (AKGA). 1), 77 73, 302-309. Does of each breed were represented by at least seven seed stock farms and eight sires. There were not as many Kiko (100%) or Kiko crossbred (50-88%) does less than one year of age. Litter size and litter weight at birth did not differ (P > 0.5) between Boer (1.92 ± 0.12 kids, 6.05 ± 0.31 kg) and Kiko dams (1.82 ± 0.12 kids, 5.90 ± 0.33 kg). Breed of dam has been shown to affect body weight, growth from birth through the post-weaning period and carcass traits for the progeny of Boer sires and dairy breed sires (Ruvuna et al., 1992; Waldron et al., 1996; Goonewardene et al., 1998; Ward et al., 1998). Body weights at parturition were heavier for Boer than Kiko dams. The origin and description of southern Africa’s indigenous goats. I've seen Kikos and Boers purported to be fullblood Kiko and Boer and I can see the Myotonic influence in those goats. Kiko goats don’t put on as much muscling as Boer goats, which some breeders have found a solution for. Combined Research Reports: Sheep and Goat, Wool and Mohair, 1996. & Thompson, P.V., 1996. Originally called the Cameroan Dwarf Goat. Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Research, Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Blvd., Nashville, TN 37209, USA. Sci. Kikos are strictly meat-producing goats, with compact, muscular bodies and dramatic spiraling, outswept horns. In terms of overall herd efficiency, Kiko does tended (P = 0.10) to wean a higher kid crop percent and weaned a heavier (P = 0.07) litter weight per doe exposed (125 ± 19%, 21.55 ± 3.05 kg) compared with Boer does (86 ± 19%, 14.77 ± 2.96 kg). The South African Journal of Animal Science is available online at http://www.sasas.co.za/sajas.html, South African Journal of Animal Science 2004, 34 (Supplement 1), Preliminary assessment of Boer and Kiko does as maternal lines for kid performance under humid, subtropical conditions. J. Anim. Spanish goat vs. Kiko goat. The composite Kiko breed resulted from a series of crosses involving feral does and varying breeds of dairy bucks [ 14 ].

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