Newman, L. S. & Erber, R. Ethical Implications of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Next, the experiment proved that prisoners and guards alike succumbed to the situational attributes of behavior. 6. You can get your custom paper from For example, the Stanford Prison Experiment, conducted by Stanford University is well-known for its questionable and controversial research methods. After converting the basement of the Stanford Psychology Department into a mock jail, it was decided that guards would wear uniforms derived from a military surplus store and prisoners would wear poorly-fitting muslin smocks and rubber sandals. did not have any firsthand knowledge about prisons prior to conducting the The Stanford Prison Experiment ended abruptly on August 20, 1971, when Dr. Christina Maslach came to visit Zimbardo and was disgusted by the events taking place, finally snapping Zimbardo out … 2. Ethical issues. In fact, he had planned to sell the story to an underground newspaper when the experiment was over! The study has received many ethicalcriticisms, including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment(it wasunpredictable). The experiment was meant to last two weeks, but Zimbardo pulled the plug after six days. While each methods chapter in . The experiment is important because it demonstrated how easy it is for prisons to become inhumane, run by guards who treat prisoners like objects rather than people. our expert writers, Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample, Hi, my name is Jenn In other words, once people started being harmed beyond just a few verbal jabs, the experiment became unethical. L et’s begin with a thought experiment (or a trip down memory lane, depending on your earlier exposure to this example). §  They truly began to see the prisoner participants as threats to The experiment was perceived by many to involve questionable ethics, the most serious concern being that it was continued even after participants expressed their desire to withdraw. minimize harm where it is unavoidable. Standard Code 3.04, Avoiding Harm___________________. Situationist Ethics. One of the ethical issues surrounding the Stanford prison experiment was the _____. Zimbardo has admitted that he did not initially believe the study would be unethical; however, in the aftermath, he realized the abuse suffered by the participants was unethical (Drury, 2012). What happened in the Stanford Prison Experiment? This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here! they got deeper into their roles, Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. §  The prisoner participants were taken through the actual process This code requires The next unexpected result was when the “prisoners” were given an opportunity to leave. The prisoner participants were taken through the actual process Zimbardo failed to “notice the subtlest dangers and … He allowed the guards to run the prison as they wished and did not intervene when it became clear that the prison was out of control. This is not a stretch from what happens in a real prison. All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. The experiment was perceived by many to involve questionable ethics, the most serious concern being that it was continued even after participants expressed their desire to withdraw. The participants were recruited through a newspaper ad and underwent tests to ensure that they were physically and psychologically sound before being admitted to the experiment. One of the primary ethical concerns of SPE was the lack of fully informed consent (McLeod, 2016). They felt a sense of empowerment when given responsibilities. Twenty-four males (who were mostly white and middle class) were finally selected, though only eighteen would be required for the experiment. Their unjust treatment of the prisoners became more brutal as Ethics and the Stanford Prison Experiment by Philipp Zimbardo. Secondly, what were the ethical issues in the Stanford Prison Experiment? This tells them immediately that they are no longer people, they are numbers. On the fourth day, Zimbardo tried to move the experiment to an actual jail in order to prevent escape, but his efforts were thwarted by the Palo Alto Police Department for insurance reasons. Zimbardo acknowledges the ethical problems with the study, suggesting that "although we ended the study a week earlier than planned, we did not end it soon enough. He had volunteered in order to “expose” our study, which he mistakenly thought was an establishment tool to find ways to control student radicals. Prisoners were quick to accept the authority of the prison guards and to surrender themselves to the prison environment. §  Prisoners were assigned numbers in place of their names. Slide Show. The Stanford Prison Experiment has since become required reading for college Psych 101 classes everywhere. Zimbardo not only had an ethical responsibility to prepare the participants for all possibilities, but he should have shut down the experiment once he realized that the participants playing the role of the prisoners were quickly having emotional and physical problems. There were many ethical problems with conducting this experiment. The consent form mentions a loss of privacy and the limitations involved with trying to leave the experiment early, but it does not say anything about the conditions under which the prisoners eventually found themselves (Zimbardo, 1971). Describing the study briefly 24 undergraduates with no criminal and psychological record were chosen for the research to play the … Past Ethical Issues- Stanford Prison Experiment and Abu Ghraib; References in Popular Culture; Original Experiment Videos; Ethics in Action; The Debriefing Process; Twitter; Facebook; Google+; GitHub; WordPress.com; About. Unexpectedly, the prisoners were arrested by the actual Palo Alto Police Department, booked and jailed. While Zimbardo had all participants sign informed consent forms, even he did not know what would happen due to the unpredicatable nature of the experiment (Zimbardo et al., 2000). The participants were primarily white, middle class males who were college undergraduates. Describe the ethical issues related to conducting research with children and prisoners. Despite the fact that participants were told they had the right to leave at any time, Zimbardo did not allow this. of being arrested and detained. In the case of the Stanford Prison Experiment, the study should have been closed on ethical grounds when the “guards” began to inflict egregious pain and humiliation on the “prisoners”, both physically and psychologically. In this video we will learn about the findings and method of Zimbardo's study. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. §  Their unjust treatment of the prisoners became more brutal as do them harm. Most agreed and were denied parole. Two patients who appeared early on to be traumatized were replaced. Add Remove. your own paper. 6. They were humiliated and mistreated; tormented if you wil. This code requires researchers to avoid harm and to Furthermore, the subjects were dehumanized and taunted, and … The few parents who were concerned about the prison conditions appealed to the superintendent, Zimbardo, for special treatment, just as the parent of a real prisoner would (Zimbardo, 1999). (2002). Zimbardo admitted that during the experiment he had sometimes felt more like a prison superintendent than a research psychologist. The first concerns the consent form that the participants signed before joining. This was demonstrated by the riots that occurred at real prisons following the experiment. This was the eventual end of the Stanford Prison Experiment. The Stanford Prison Experiment was designed in 1971 to test the hypothesis that prisoners and guards are self-selecting; this means that the individuals have certain characteristics that 1) determine the group to which they belong; and, 2) encourage undesirable behavior in the group members. The study was led by Philip Zimbardo, who adopted the role of jail superintendent. Prisoners have no choice but to put up with the conditions of the prison to which they’re assigned; no one takes their complaints seriously. Prisoners were assigned numbers in place of their names. However, as the days and hours grew on, it became evident that the guards -- who had almost limitless decisions when it came to handling prisoners, save physically harming them -- were determined to further humiliate and debase the prisoners through borderline violent means. Ethical Issues of the Stanford Prison Experiment. (2016, Aug 03). student(prisoners) were subjected to extreme emotional trauma. When the subjects were arrested, they were blindfolded and left confused as to what would happen to them (Zimbardo, 1999, slide #3). Dehumanizing prisoners does not benefit anyone; rather, prisoners are more likely to show a willingness to do what they are told if they are treated humanely. The guards meted out sadistic punishments and the prisoners accepted it. Unfortunately, it is common in most prison systems. The Stanford Prison Experiment was designed in 1971 to test the hypothesis that prisoners and guards are self-selecting; this means that the individuals have certain characteristics that 1) determine the group to which they belong; and, 2) encourage undesirable behavior in the group members. Many of the steps taken in the experiment were unethical, one being the fact that the subjects were arrested without consent. they got deeper into their roles. The prisoners were not told partly because final approval from the police wasn’t given until minutes before the participants … to be released after 36 hours because of uncontrollable screaming and crying. The study has received many ethical criticisms, including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment (it was unpredictable). So why was the Stanford Prison Experiment … §  They were placed in solitary confinement at times. “Individual behavior is largely under the control of social forces and environmental contingencies rather than ‘personality traits,’ ‘character,’ ‘will power,’ or other empirically unvalidated constructs,” (Saleton, 2004). The prisoners at Attica had one chief complaint, and that was a request to be treated in a way that was humane. There were both expected and unexpected results. They had no experience with prison, losing their freedom, or with any of the conditions that were forced upon them. Ethical guidelines for the protection of participants from physical and psychological harm were developed as a result of the Stanford Prison experiment. § In reading and researching the Stanford Prison Experiment, all of the code violations mentioned above were easily recognizable. The Stanford Prison Experiment had many issues that started a chain of problems within the experiment. Also, the prisoners did not consent to being 'arrested' at home. T. he primary focus of this chapter is on research ethics. This means that it was the situation of being imprisoned that caused their behavior, their behavior was not caused by personality quirks. Dr. Phillip Zimbardo paid volunteers to take part in the experiment. Either of them could have been a guard or a prisoner. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols, Ethical Implications of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Stanford prison experiment. One of the ethical issues surrounding the Stanford prison experiment was the _____. Today, the experiment is used in comparison with the treatment of the Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib. 1. All prisoners look alike, and they are assigned a number. Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust. Once ensconced within the prison, the prisoners were constantly harassed by the guards. Research Ethics and. Often, suspects are made to wait hours in a holding cell before they have any means of contacting the outside world. Also, the prisonersdid not consent to being 'arrested' at home. Due to the lack of guidelines, the prison environment quickly became chaotic. Retrieved January 10, 2007, from The Stanford Prison Experiment Web site: http://www.prisonexp.org/pdf/consent.pdf, Zimbardo, P (1999). There was a riot on the second day, which guards volunteered to work overtime, without pay, in order to quash. Das Stanford-Prison-Experiment (deutsch: das Stanford-Gefängnis-Experiment) war ein psychologisches Experiment zur Erforschung menschlichen Verhaltens unter den Bedingungen der Gefangenschaft, speziell unter den Feldbedingungen des echten Gefängnislebens. The Stanford Prison Experiment is highly criticized for its ethical issues. Any experiment that places its participants under enormous psychological stress could be considered unethical. (Eds.). (APA,2002) In an article written in the Stanford Magazine that reflected on this book provides a discussion of ethical issues devoted specifically to a particular method (e.g., experimental design, survey), this chapter will highlight the general ethical considerations everyone should consider before beginning his or her research. The Stanford Prison Experiment is frequently cited as an example of unethical research. A. type of food given to the subjects B. blurred boundaries between researcher and subject C. cost of the experiment D. ease of participating in the experiment .

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